Aquaculture in Egypt

Fish culture is the major single source of fish supply in Egypt. It covers 65% of the country’s total fish production with over 99% created by private farms. The modern aquaculture expansion in Egypt began two decades ago after the sector witnessed a substantial growth in past years resulting to production surge.

This sector demonstrates the greater development of any fishery activity in the country. As a result, aquaculture is the only possible alternative for minimizing the gap between fish production and consumption in Egypt.

Apart from a very few cases, most aquaculture activities are set in the Nile Delta. Aquaculture uses several systems with diverse technology levels. Thus far a large proportion of farmed fish are either freshwater or brackish water species. Fish and crustaceans production in marine or brackish water is yet in initial stages and its progress is influenced by technical and economical problems.

A great number of fish farms in Egypt are categorized as semi-intensive brackish water pond farms. This type of farming endured a flamboyant decline by the early 1990s due to the competition for water and land from the impact of land reclamation activities for agriculture. Intensive aquaculture, in earthy tanks, is now enlarging to counteract the reduction in the overall area available for aquaculture activity.